Compact clusters of greenish-yellow flowers bloom from June to July. It seems to be more tolerant of heavier soils than the other two species. The large clustered seed pods attract a variety of wildlife into the winter months. The sap was also used as a treatment for warts. Only shrubs that are 3 to 4 years old can produce the fruit. Short-tongued bees, flies, and wasps visit the flowers for pollen, while carpenter bees occasionally burrow into the stems. Staghorn sumac has alternate, compound leaves, 40 to 60 cm (16 to 24") long. The bark of a young staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina). Fern-like leaves turn attractive shades of orange, yellow and red in autumn. Staghorn sumac gets its name from its thick, velvety upper branches, which resemble the antlers of young male deer. But as it is totally different from pine pitch scent and other common natural perfumes, it seems strange and even "scary"). They are spectacular in the fall… sumac is some of the best autumn foliage around, turning brilliant shades of red, orange, and yellow. Foliage does not have a strong smell even when crushed. Image of close, tree, outdoors - 181026453 Branches display U-shaped leaf scars in winter. In winter the leafless, velvety branches have the appearance of antlers on a buck deer, giving the plant its common name. Staghorn Sumac (Rhus typhina) Other Names: Sumac Range: Family: Anacardiaceae - The Cashew or Sumac Family Growth Type: A deciduous perennial shrub or small tree Height: Growing to approximately 16 ft tall and 20 ft wide Leaves: It has alternate, pinnately compound leaves 10 – 22 in long. Also known as velvet sumac due to its soft, fuzzy twigs, staghorn sumac is familiar to most people. Staghorn Sumac (Rhus typhina) General Description A large, loose, open-spreading shrub with a flattish crown and rather picturesque branches resembling the velvety antlers of a deer, hence the name Staghorn. The leaves and fruit were boiled down to make ink and dried leaves were used for smoking. My chihuahua mix eats the bark off a fallen staghorn sumac at least once a day, and has shown no ill effects. Discussion in 'Outdoor Gardening in the Pacific Northwest' started by Lois Franz, Aug 4, 2011. Fruit a dense, upright cluster of fuzzy red berries. Overall, staghorn berries lower blood sugar levels as well. Used as a landscaping tree/shrub. Staghorn Sumac is often planted as an ornamental due to the lovely fruit clusters and beautiful autumn foliage. Poison sumac has white berries that droop down, smooth-edged leaves, and smooth bark. Urban/Recreational Massing, naturalizing. Different parts of Rhus typhina plant are used to make different colors of dye, the berries itself can dye fabric red, brown or black, depends on how it was prepared and on what stage of growth it was harvested. Since this Instructable deals with power tools and knives, work with caution and wear safety equipment when necessary. Description: Shrub or small tree, 1.22-4.47 meters (4-15ft) high. Poison sumac (Toxicodendron vernix) has leaves somewhat similar to staghorn sumac. The lower trunk and branches are hairless and woody. Autumn leaves are deep red. The staghorn sumac plants produce a milky latex that will stain your clothes dark brown. Dying Staghorn Sumac. Staghorn Sumac (Rhus typhina) and the Smooth Sumac (Rhus glabra). It is a species of prairies and other grasslands, old fields, roadsides, savannas and woodlands, and fencerows. Select Post; Deselect Post; Link to Post; Member. It is found from New England south to Georgia west to Michigan, Iowa, Missouri and Mississippi. The leaves are alternate and contain 11-31 toothed leaflets. Like anything you have never had before, make sure you have very little at first to make sure you aren't allergic. Staghorn Sumac Jul 12, 2020 16:05:36 GMT -6 via mobile . Staghorn sumac gets its name from its thick, velvety upper branches, which resemble the antlers of young male deer. From what I have seen, Smooth Sumac is the most common species found in the wild in the Southeastern part of the state. Habitat. Feed sumac fruit to: sumac (Rhus spp.) The leaflets are dark green and smooth above, and pale beneath, except along the midrib. Fox squirrels and cottontail rabbits eat sumac bark. Quote. Staghorn Sumac… Fruit a hanging cluster of dry seeds enclosed in flat structures to allow for wind-dispersal. Leaflet margin is serrated along its whole length. browse/bark. Staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina) grows just about anywhere and everywhere all across the eastern part of the United States. Sumac (pronounced (/ ˈ sj uː m æ k /) or (/ ˈ s uː m æ k /), and also spelled sumach, sumak, soumak, and sumaq) is any one of about 35 species of flowering plants in the genus Rhus and related genera, in the family Anacardiaceae.It grows in subtropical and temperate regions throughout the world, especially in East Asia, Africa, and North America. Strain the juice through several layers of cheesecloth, then add sugar to taste, stirring well. The Staghorn and Smooth Sumac likes well drained hilly areas, though they are often by water - just not in standing water or soaked land. Caution: The milky sap of Rhus spp. Expand. But staghorn sumac is not poisonous.
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